تلوار سے زیادہ طاقتور قلم نہیں ہے


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لیجیئے صاحب ہم بھی کس بحث میں پڑ گئے۔ یہاں انقلاب آیا چاہتا ہے اور ہم ۱۹۹۰ کی دہائی کے ایک گھسے پٹےعنوانکو لے کے بیٹھ گئے۔ مگر کیا کیجیئے جیسی سمجھ آج اس عنوان کی آ رہی ہے وہ ہماری صغر سنی میں کہاں تھی? ہمارے سکول میں تقاریر اور مباحثوں کا ایک ہی گھسا پٹا عنوان تھا جس میں انگریزی کے شعلہ بیاں مقرر خوب دھواں دار تقاریر کرتے تھے۔ اردو کا عنوان اکثر اقبال کا مصرہ احساسِ مروت کو کچل دیتے ہیں آلات ہوتا تھا جس میں ہمارے سکول کے مقرر مغربی سائنسی ارتقاء کو جہالت اور مشرقی اسلامی شدت پسندی کو راہِ حیاتِ جاویدانی اور تمام مسائل کا حل بتلایا کرتے تھے۔ تو بات ہو رہی تھی قلم کی۔ بھئ کیونکہ میں بھی ایک مقرر تھا اس لیئے میں بھی اسی عنوان کو لے کے خوب دھواں دار تقریریں کرتا تھا اور انعام جیت کے والدین کو خوش کرتا۔ ستم ظریفی دیکھیئے مجھے ہمیشہ اس عنوان کی حمایت میں اپنے خیالات کے اظہار کا موقع ملتا اور میں تندہی سے تاریخ کے اوراق کی بدترین مثالوں کو قابلِ رشک بنا کے پیش کرتا۔

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خیر آج بھی میں نے اسی عنوان کی حمایت میں ہی قلم اٹھانے کی جسارت کی ہے۔ بھئی کیا ہو گیا اگر عمران بادشاہت کا خاتمہ کرنے آگیا? ہم نے بھی ہمیشہ عوامی آواز کو بغاوت ہی کہا ہے۔ اب ذرا فاطمہ جناح کی ہی مثال لے لیجئے۔ نام مادرِ ملت اور رہن سہن مغربیت کا نمونہ۔ تبھی تو قبلہ فیلڈ مارشل ایوب خان نے انہیں تنبیہہ کی تھی کے محترمہ آپ اپنے خطاب کا ہی خیال کیجیئے۔ کہیں یہ قوم آپ کو عبرتناک شکست سے دوچار نہ کرے۔ وہ بیچاری کبریائی میں سٹھیا گئیں اور قوم کے ضمیر کو جھنجھوڑ دیا۔ بھلا بنگالی جنہیں عرفِ عام میں بھوکے بنگالی اور خواص میں بھارتی غدار کہا جاتا تھا وہ انہیں انتخابات میں کامیاب کرتے? بھلا بتائیے کہ بیشک آپ جناح کا پاکستان بنانے کی بات کرتی تھیں مگر جناح کے پاکستان کے بارے میں کچھ نہ جانتی تھیں۔ بھئ قوم نے آپ کو اتنی عزت دی اور آپ قرارداد ِ لاہور کا رونا روتی رہیں تو پھر کیا ہمارے ملک میں شفاف انتخابات ہوئے اور آپ کو اور آپ کی مغربیت کو عوام نے بالغ رائے دہی کے تحت شکستِ فاش دے دی۔

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بھئ فوج ملک کی حفاظت نہ کرے تو کون کرے? ورنہ اے کے فضلِ حق بھاشانی اور دیگر نے تے ملک کا سودا کر لیا تھا۔ بھلا ۱۹۵۲ کے لسانی فسادارت کی کیا منطق تھی? اسی سے خیال آیا! بھلا بنگالی کو مسلمانوں کے اثاثے اردو پہ فوقیت دی جا سکتی تھی? بھائی صاحب بنگالی لکھی دیکھی ہے? اس میں ہندومت کی مشابہت زیادہ اور اسلام کی تو قطعاً نہیں ہے۔ پھر بھی ہم نے اسے قومی زبان کا درجہ دیدیا۔ آپ خوش نہ ہوئے جب ملک میں انڈسٹرائیزیشن ہوئی تو آپ روتے رہے کہ مشرقی پاکستان کو جان کے پسماندہ رکھا جا رہا ہے۔ بلکہ ایک صاحب کو تو اسلام آباد کے نقشے اور انہیں کے جانشین کو اس کی سڑکوں سے پٹسن کی بو آتی رہی! اگر اقتدار تحریک ِ پاکستان کے خودساختہ لیڈران کے حوالے کر دیا جاتا تو یہ مغربی پاکستان کے غیور عوام کو بھارتی غلام بنانے میں دیر نہ کرتے۔

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اس ملک کو نقصان امریکی بھارتی اور اسرائیلی ایجنٹوں نے پہنچایا ہے! اب یحییٰ نے انتخابات شفاف کروائے اور بھارتی ایجنٹ چھ نکاتی ایجنڈہ پیش کر کے بیٹھ گئے اور تو اور بھارت سے پاکستان پہ حملہ کروا دیا ہماری مشرقی پاکستان میں بیٹھی پرامن فوج پہ حملے کروائے اور غازی جنرل نیازی کے ہاتھوں نوشتہ دے دیا کہ پاکستان مشرقی پاکستان پہ کوئی تسلط نہیں رکھے گا۔ کسی نے کہا تھا وہاں تم یہاں ہم۔ خیر جمہوریت کو ایک بار پھر موقع ملا۔ آئین بھی بن گیا مگر بھٹو صاحب کو دیکھیں کہ پاکستان کے وقار کے سودے پہ تل گئے۔ سول مارشل لا ایڈمنسٹریٹر بن گئے۔ بعدازاں وزیراعظم بنے تو آمریت کی روش نہ چھوڑی۔ عوام نکل آئی سڑکوں پہ۔ بھٹو ماورائے عدالت قتل کرواتے رہے۔ ملک لوٹتے رہے اور عوام نے مسیحا کو پکارا اور ہمیں مرد مومن مرد حق ضیاءالحق نے اس جمہوری آمریت کے چنگل سے نکالا اور اسلام جو کے پاکستان بنانےکا مقصد تھا اس کا عملی نفاذ کیا۔

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آپ کو شک ہے? کس نے روس اور سرخوں کا گرم پانیوں تک پہنچنے کا ارادہ تہسنہس کیا? کون سوپر پاور سے ٹکر لے سکتا ہے? بھٹو کا اقوام متحدہ میں کچھ کاغذات پھاڑنا ایک ڈھونگ تھا اور بس۔ بھلا جہاد کس نے مملکت خداداد میں جاری کیا اور پاکستان کو اسلام اور جہادیوں کا قلعہ بنایا? کس نے ملک میں حدود کا نفاذ کیا اور کس نے مغرب کو جھکایا? یہ مرد مومن مرد حق ہی تھے جنہیں امریکہ اور بھارت نے سازش کر کے شہید کر دیا کیونکہ مغرب کو اسلام کیونکر راس آتا? اور تف ہے ان لوگوں پر جو مٹھائیاں بانٹتے رہے اس واقعہ پہ۔ آخر کو را کا پیسہ بول رہا تھا۔ پھر اس جمہوریت کو ایک اور موقعہ ملا۔ مگر بینظیر جیسی آمریت پسند کے خلاف نواز شریف اسلامی جمہوری اتحاد لیکر میدان میں سینہ سپر ہوئے۔ بینظیر نے انتخابات میں دھاندلی کی اور وزیراعظم بن بیٹھیں اور ملک لوٹ لیا۔ پھر کیا یہ آمریت زیادہ دیر نہیں چلتیں عوام سڑکوں پہ آ گئے اور نواز کو موقع دیا۔ نواز بھی کچھ کم نہ تھا اس نے ملک میں آمریت کی نئی مثال قائم کی اور بینظیربھٹو عوام کا سمندر لیکر سڑکوں پہ آ گئیں۔ مگر بینظیر نہ بدلیں۔ عوام نے ایک بار پھر نوازشریف کو موقع دیا مگر موصوف نے جو حرکتیں کیں وہ لکھتے ہوئے ہاتھ کانپ جاتے ہیں۔

Zia ul Haq's "spiritual" Son -- Nawaz Sharif

Zia ul Haq’s “spiritual” Son — Nawaz Sharif

ایک اور بات یہ کہ میں اپنی ۲۸ سالہ زندگی میں ۸ الیکشن دیکھ چکا ہوں۔ یہ بھی ایک اعزاز ہے۔ بھئ میں نے خود فیسبوک کے کسی پیج پہ پڑھا ہے کہ نوازشریف جو ایٹم بم کا تاج سجائے پھرتا ہے وہ اس وقت بنا جب وہ ولڈر تھا۔ یہ بات بانئ ایٹم بم جناب قدیر خان سے منسوب ہے۔ جب فیسبوک پہ ہے تو ٹھیک ہی ہو گی! نوازشریف نے ملک کو کھانے کے ساتھ ساتھ فوج کو بھی نہ چھوڑا اور مشرف کو ٹھکانے لگانے لگا۔ ہمارا وقار مجروح ہوا اور ملک میں ایک اور بار حقیقی جمہوریت آ گئی۔ کیا مشرف کے دور میں اسمبلی نے مدت پوری نہیں کی? اور یہ جسٹس افتخار صاحب? چلیئے ہم اس قصہ کو مختصر کرتے ہیں مگر عمران خان جو قوم کی امید ہیں اس وقت بڈل گئے۔ اور اس غدارِ وطن کا ساتھ دیا۔ مجھے یاد ہے عمران اکثر فرماتے تھے کہ ہماری پارٹی کا تو نام ہی انصاف ہے تو ہم انصاف کا ساتھ کیوں نہ دیں? اور یہ کہ مشرف کو ہٹانے سے سب مسائل حل ہو جائیں گے۔ مشرف تو گیا مگر زرداری کا دور ِ آمریت آ گیا۔ محترمہ کو شہید کر دیا گیا اور الزام بیچارے بیت اللہ محسود پہ ڈال دیا حالانکہ سب جانتے ہیں کہ اصل بات کیا ہے۔

اب یہ ۲۰۱۳ کے انتخابات ہوئے تو ہم سمجھے کہ عوام کو حق ملے گا مگر نوازشریف نے اوپر سے نیچے جبکہ پاکستان تو پاکستان بین الاقوامی مبصرین کو بھی خرید لیا۔ بھائی صاحب پورے ملک میں عمران کو ۹۰ فیصد ووٹ پڑا تھا۔ آپ کو یقین نہیں آتا? فیسبوک کے پول ملاحظہ کر لیجیئے اور جلسوں میں عوام کے اژدہام کو آپ کیسے رد کریں گے? ابن الوقت لوگوں کو دیکھیں کہ پنڈت ثبوت مانگ رہے ہیں اور آئین کی بات کر رہے ہیں! آئین کیا ہے ایک کاغذ کا ٹکرا ہے جسے جب چاہے پھینکا جا سکتا ہے۔ لو ایک اور لطیفہ سنیئے کہ عدالتیں عمران کو انصاف دیں گی۔ جناب ِ والا جس عدالتوں کے چیف جسٹس صاحبان مبشر لقمان جیسے غیور ہوں گے اس دن ہی انصاف کی صحیح معنوں میں ترویج ہو گی۔ اور بکاؤ الیکشن کمیشن یہ انصاف دے گا? یہ نوازشریف کی زرخرید لونڈی ہے۔ ہاں اگر محترم محمد افضل خان جیسے غیرتمند اور دلیر الیکشن کمشنر ہوتے تو اور بات تھی فخرو بھائی کون ہیں? عمران نے کہا ہے کہ وہ بھی بکے ہوئے تھے۔

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اور جو ثبوت مانگ رہے ہیں اور عمران کی جمہوریت دوستی پہ شک کر رہے ہیں آپ ملک کے غدار ہیں۔ جب اس ملک کے وفادار اور غیر جانبدار صحافی کہہ رہیں ہیں تو اور کسی ثبوت کی کیا گنجائش? آپ یاد رکھیئے کہ تھرڈ امپائر کہیں ہمارے حق میں فیصلہ نہ دے دے اس لیئے آپ ریٹائر ہرٹ ہو جائیں ورنہ ہم پویلین میں بھی نہیں بیٹھنے دیں گے۔ کیا کہا کہ تبدیلی چلے ہوئے کارتوس لائیں گے? آپ بادشاہ نوازشریف کے غلام ہیں۔ لگتا ہے آپ کو بھی خوب نوٹ ملے ہیں تبھی آپ ملک دوست سیاستدانوں کو چلا ہوا کارتوس کہہ رہے ہیں۔ کیا? خیبرپختونخوا میں کون سی تبدیلی آئی ہے? آپ شائد نابینا بھی ہیں فیسبک دیکھیئے اور تحریک انصاف کی ویب سائٹ۔ اور رہا سوال یہ کہ ہم نے سڑکیں میٹرو یا ڈیم کیوں نہیں بنائے تو ہمیں پاکستان کے ۹۰ او خیبرپختونخوا کے ۱۰۰ فیصد عوام نے اس لیئے ووٹ نہیں دیا تھا۔ یہ ہماری شرافت ہے کہ ہم کے پی میں دیگر پارٹیوں کی سیٹوں کا احترام کر رہے ہیں ورنہ جہاں جہاں تحریک کو ہرایا گیا وہاں الیکشن میں دھاندلی ہوئی ہے۔ ہم بادشاہت چلنے نہیں دیں گے۔ اور حیف ہو آپ سب کی سوچ پہ جو سول نافرمانی کو آئین سے بغاوت کہہ رہے ہیں۔ گاندھی نے بھی چلائی تھی یہ تحریک۔ کیا کہا اس وقت ہندوستان پہ سامراجی حکومت اور سامراجی قانون تھا? تو یہ ۷۳ کا آئین کون سا سامراجی نہیں ہے جس سے بادشاہ نوازشریف کو اقتدار نہ چھوڑنے کا جواز مل رہا ہے۔ بس بس اب زیادہ زبان درازی کی تو مجھے آپ کا شجرۂ نسب بیان کرنا پڑے گا پنجابی اور پشتو کا الفاظ کا سہارہ لیکر۔ بلکل غلط جاہل آپ ہیں میں آکسفورڈ کا پڑھا ہوا ہوں فل برائٹ سکالرشپ پہ اور میرے اکثر ساتھی مغربی ممالک کی اعلیٰ یونیورسٹیوں میں سیلف فائینانس پہ پڑھ رہے ہیں جو یہاں ہیں وہ بھی جانے کی تک و دو کر رہے ہیں۔ جاہل آپ ہیں سرکاری سکولوں کی پیداوار۔ تبھی آپ کو ایک سیدھی بات سمجھ نہیں آ رہی کہ کون بچائے گا پاکستان? عمران خان عمران خان۔ کیا? کیسے۔ ٹھہر ذرا۔ آؤ عمران کے چیتوں اس نہاری خور کو سبق سکھائیں!

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Murder of Usman the Third Caliph of Muslims and Current Political Situation in Pakistan


Martyrdom of Amir ul Momineen, Caliph of Prophet, Imam of the Brave, Ruler of the Muslims, Usman b Affan

After Second Caliph, Umar b Khattab, was murdered by a Persian Slave, Abu Lolo, during the morning prayers, people advised Umar to nominate his successor like his predecessor, Abu Bakar b Abi Qahafa. But Umar said to them that he might follow “who is better than my predecessor” and has not nominated anyone as his successor and left the matter to Muslims. The second day, Umar’s condition deteriorated and it was widely believed that he might not be able to sustain for another two days. The wounds were so deep that blood was used to ooze like stream of running water. He summoned his daughter, Hafsa, who was also the wife of Prophet and dictated her his will about a loan from the Bait-ul-Mall and his moveable and immoveable property. After his will, he summoned Abdur Rehman b Awf, Talha bin Ubaid Ullah, Saad bin Abi Waqas, Zubair bin Awam, Usman bin Affan and Ali bin Abu Talib. They were to choose the Caliph amongst them. Usman was chosen as Caliph. However, some historical accounts state that Ali had objections over it and he alleged that all of the people in the Shura were relatives of Usman whereas Ali had only one relative who was also related to Usman maternally so they conspired amongst themselves and Usman was made Caliph.
Ali who thought himself as real successor of Prophet has alleged rigging in election but accepted the result and submitted to Usman. Usman has been a lenient man of sharp intellect. Unlike his predecessor, Umar, he relaxed many laws specifically for the converts and non-Muslims in Islamic Empire. He was also weary of the harsh treatment of the governors appointed by Umar so he replaced them. Usman’s actions were highly criticized as people alleged that most of the governors appointed by Usman were his relatives. Unrest grew in Islamic Empire especially in the Provinces of Egypt, Basra, Kufa and Jazeera and a mass movement formed. Rebels alleged Usman of nepotism, embezzlement in public exchequer, rigging in elections of Caliph and killing people who opposed his practices via his governors. He was also alleged to have become vessel of Muawiya I and Marvan I and these two people were thought to be the epicenter of Power and real Caliphs. Following is the list of the allegations levelled against Usman by rebels:
(1) Usman rigged elections by buying Abdur Rehman bin Awf, Saad bin Abi Waqas and Talha bin Ubaid Ullah and became Caliph unrightfully whereas real Caliph who actually was selected by the Council of Caliphate was Ali. Rebels presented evidence that Zubair bin Awam has publically told people that Usman rigged Caliphate Elections the blame that Zubair denied and even exchanged hot words with Ali during the battle of Jamal fought in Basra later in the Caliphate of Ali.
(2) Usman has become a King has appointed his close relatives as governors, Chief Secretary, Treasurer, Police Chief and Army Chief. Not only this but Chief Justice and on district level, his relatives or his kinsmen from Bani Ummaiyah are given positions whereas many better people who are also companions of Prophet are present.
(3) Usman has done huge embezzlement in public funds and has started projects that benefit his relatives of his business. He has stolen camels from Bait ul Mall and using them as his trade vessels. Usman has also been steeling dates from the Orchids of Medina that belong to Bait ul Mall and selling them and keeping share of profit for him.
(4) Usman has been sidelining everyone who opposes his tyranny. He has challenged and edited the text of Quran and deleted and rewrote verses that didn’t suit him. Abdullah bin Masood was exiled by him, Ayesha’s codex was watered down and Abuzar Ghaffari was exiled to the Awali of Medina.
(5) Usman has become vessel of Muawiya I and Marvan I. They freely use the seal and official titles and styles only entitled to Caliph and whole Bani Ummaiyah has become a royal family and enormous wealth has been accumulated by them and they don’t pay Zakat and cheat the system by either keeping their wealth in circulation or lying about it.
(6) Usman has been living lavishly and plundering the Bait ul Mall whereas ordinary man’s living standard is getting worst day by day. Usman eats food made with goat milk and cheese with finest meat and wheat available in whole Islamic Empire.
The allegations were serious in nature and some resentment was also shown by the companions and wives of Prophet to Usman’s practices. The allegations emerged from the people of Medina were religious in nature and added fuel to the fire. Later on all of the companions who alleged Usman of misdeeds regretted and announced publically their mistake. Following were the allegations from the people of Medina:
(1) Ayesha alleged Usman of changing the way of Prophet by praying full 4 Rakah of Prayer during Hajj whereas Prophet prayed 2 and also Abu Bakar and Umar prayed 2 Rakah. She also criticized Usman for changing the Salah of Journey to 2 Rakah from 4 whereas Prophet prayed 2 and his successors, Abu Bakar and Umar, also prayed 2 Rakah.
(2) Abuzar Ghaffari alleged Usman of accumulating wealth and encouraging lavish lifestyles and accused him of opposing Prophet’s way of modesty.
(3) Amr bin Al-Aas accused Usman of removing him from governorship of Egypt unlawfully whereas people were happy with his performance and policies.
(4) Talha bin Ubaid Ullah and Zubair bin Awam also disputed Usman over policy matters and rebels fanned and used this as main tool in their incitement of masses.
(5) Ali bin Abu Talib accused him of nepotism and becoming a puppet in hands of Muawiya I and Marvan I. Ali bin Abu Talib accused him of changing practice of the Sermon of Eid that is given after the prayers to commuting it before the prayers.
These allegations were minor in nature but amplified through propagandist of different tribes of Arabia who opposed Usman and Bani Ummaiya. With the passage of less than 2 years, revolt started in Egypt and Rebels planned a Long March to Medina.

First Long March to Media:
Rebels incited by the allegations against Usman marched to Medina from Cairo. They were in large numbers and they camped outside the Medina in Awali. Usman became aware of it and sent emissaries to his governor in Egypt to inquire about the root cause of agitation against him. He also nominated Ali bin Abu Talib as Chief Negotiator on his behalf from Muhajireen and Abdullah bin Salamah from Ansar who conducted several meetings with the rebel leaders. Muhammad bin Huzaifa was an orphan who was raised by Usman in his house. He asked Usman to appoint him as governor of some province but Usman didn’t think he was fit for the office. He alleged Usman of appointing only people from Bani Ummaiyah as governors and leaders and alleged that “even people younger than him are governors”. He rebelled against Usman and raised and fanned anti-Usman sentiments in Egypt. Abdullah bin Huzaifa was approached by Ali bin Abu Talib and Ibn e Salamah. The rebels and their leader Abdullah bin Huzaifa presented following allegations against Usman:

(1) Usman prefers Bani Ummaiyah and his close relatives over companions of Prophet who are more able and accomplished than them and presented resentment of the people of Egypt on sacking of Amr bin Al-Aas and mismanagement of Abdullah bin Sarah.
(2) Usman has become puppet of Muawiya I and Marvan I and all important decisions are taken by these duo and Marvan is defecto Caliph and freely uses Caliph’s authority.
(3) Usman has laid Shura to rest and doesn’t consult Shura over taking decisions.
(4) Usman is doing massive embezzlement in public exchequer and expanding his business empire on expanse of public money. They alleged that camels of Bait ul Mall are used as his trade vessels.
They said that Usman should do these to calm down public.
(1) Usman should suspend himself from office until these allegations are proved false
(2) Usman should tender a public apology and accept his faults
(3) Usman should sack Egypt’s governor immediately and reinstate Amr bin Al-Aas
(4) Usman should refrain from taking decisions solely and should put reigns over Marvan and ask him not to use his authority as his personal possession
(5) Usman should stop using public money as his own and public trade vessels as his own and pay back the money he embezzled
Demands were presented to Usman and he consulted Ali and asked him of his opinion. Ali said, “As of preference of Bani Ummaiyah, yes, I also believe you have selected idiots and incapable people over more capable people and installed them on key posts. These young men without any experience and devoid of every logic have agitated other young men who are equally fool as them. As for Abudllah bin Huzaifa is concerned, you have given him such freedom that he speaks ill of you and incite. You should tender public apology and ask Allah for forgiveness and it will calm down the unrest.” Usman accepted Ali’s council and climbed the pulpit of Prophet and said, “O People, I was made Caliph by your will and you willingly accepted my yoke and submitted to my orders. I promised to guide you by the Book of Allah and by the way of Prophet. I always weighed my orders and did what I thought was best for you but, still, if I committed something that is an offense in the sight of Allah, I seek His forgiveness.” Everyone who was present in the mosque including rebels said Amen. Usman also promised to reinstate Amr bin Al-Aas and party scattered. Usman also refuted the rebels accusation that he uses public trade vessels as his own and public pastures for grazing his personal herds. Usman responded that he didn’t stop anyone’s herds from grazing their and he pays rent to the Bait ul Mall for the camels he used as his trade vessels.
While on their way to Egypt, they intercepted an emissary of Usman to the governor of Egypt. He was in possession of letter addressed to the governor and sealed by Usman stating to kill every man of rebels when they reach Egypt. This letter was not written by Usman and according to some sources was forged by the rebels to have an excuse to return back to Medina during the month of Ziqad. Sources and History reveals that this letter was a forgery of rebels as they were looking for an excuse to return to Medina as Hajj season was coming and huge attendance was expected in Mecca from Muslims all over the world. On the other hand, a revolt started in Kufa where Abu Musa Al-Ashari was sacked by Usman. People became furious and there was hooliganism in the Grand Mosque of Kufa. The Iraqis had somewhat same allegations against Usman with addition one. These are the allegations that originated in Iraq that was divided into two provinces, Basra and Kufa.
(1) Usman rigged Caliphate Elections and bought all the members of the Caliph Selection Committee save Zubair bin Awam and real Caliph is Ali.
(2) Usman does nepotism and appoints only selected individuals and his close relatives from Bani Ummaiyah as governors and on important offices. His whole bureaucracy and military elite is comprised of Bani Ummaiyah.
(3) Usman embezzles public money and is corrupt.
(4) Usman has changed the ways of Prophet, Abu Bakar and Umar and is inventing new things in religion called Bidah.
(5) Usman calls public money as his own and Muawiya and Marvan are given free hand and Council or the Congress of the Elders has been unofficially suspended.
(6) Usman owns huge properties in Islamic Empire and expands his business on behalf of public money.
People came to Hijaz that was divided into two provinces, Medina and Mecca as pilgrims. The Iraqi rebels were led by Muhammad Malik Al-Ashtar who has been born and raised in Kufa. He has been very vocal critic of Usman’s policies and refused to accept him as rightful ruler and alleged him of rigging Elections and usurping Ali’s right on Caliphate. There has been a rift between Ali and other Caliphs on the issue of successor of Prophet. Ali and Bani Hashim believed that Ali was nominated as successor by Prophet and the Sermon delivered by Prophet at Ghadir e Khum made it clear that Ali is to be his successor. However, Muslims selected Abu Bakar and Ali was left. Politically, Ali’s bid was unpopular and there is no evidence that Prophet willed to make Ali his successor. There are conflicting traditions from the both sects of Islam, Shia and Sunni, presenting different arguments. But from pure political point of view, Ali was politically very weak until the time of the great uprising during Usman’s reign.

Second Long March against Usman:
Rebels of Egypt came back to Hejaz and camped outside Medina. As Hajj season approached Muslims all over the world flocked Mecca and rebels in the guise of pilgrims joined their brethren from Egypt. The rebels were mostly peasants and people with very low knowledge of religion, theology, Usman’s policies, Usman’s election and Prophet’s life. They believed their leaders to be the only truthful people in whole Islamic Empire. Marchers decided to March into Medina and stage a sit-in outside the Mosque of Prophet. They came to Medina and according to the written histories, Medina was being ruled by them practically. Abdullah bin Umar states that during those days, “Medina was run by hooligans”. When things became very serious, Usman summoned Ali bin Abu Talib and asked him, “O Abul Hassan, do you incite people against me and say that this matter (Caliphate) belonged to you and I usurped it? By Allah, I was amongst the suitors just like you and by Allah if it was given to you I would be the first one to pledge allegiance to you.” Ali replied, “O my Cousin Usman, now that you say what the tongues (of rebels) accuse me. I have not said that to them. They said that Talha bin Ubaid Ullah said that you rigged the fair elections by fixing it through bribe. I do not believe so as for Talha I know him as just man and he is companion of Prophet and your cousin too and you can ask him. As for the other demands, this is true that I advised you to take action and mend your ways but you refused my opinion.” Usman said, “As for your advice, I accepted it. I was waiting for opinion from Muawiya over those matters. Am I not the one, O Ali, who was given the good news of paradise in his life? Was not Prophet happy with me when he passed away?” Ali said, “Indeed.” And added, “in this critical time, all I can advise you is to keep Marvan away and mend your ways. As for me, I have spoken to them already. I will try it again.”
Ali left Usman’s presence and went to meet people. They started to shout, “Here comes Amir ul Momineen”. Ali stopped them from calling him Amir ul Momineen and they showed him the letter that they confiscated from an alleged emissary of Usman. Ali returned to Usman and told him about the letter. Usman said, “By Allah, I have not written such letter and neither had I commanded anyone to write any letter. I, indeed, wrote a letter to Muawiya and asked his opinion over these matters and scribed an order for reinstating Amr as governor of Egypt.” Then he went to Mosque of Prophet and climbed the pulpit. There was huge hooliganism in the Mosque. As Usman climbed the pulpit, people started to raise their voices. He was only able to say, “O People! Listen to your Amir. O People I am Caliph of Prophet” But mob started to pelt stones at Usman and he was shielded by some companions of Prophet and was taken back to his home. This was the last time when Usman was seen publically. Later in following days, rebels presented their demands.
(1) Usman should resign as Caliph as his government has come to standstill by the sea of people that marched to Medina from all over Islamic Empire so he has no moral authority to be Caliph.
(2) A fair investigation to be launched into the rigging done by Usman in elections.
(3) All governors and office bearers installed by Usman to be removed.
Usman was presented those demands and he made following reply:
(a) As for caliphate, I was chosen fairly and there is no doubt over that. Medina and Companions of Prophet bear witness that I am rightful Caliph with right mandate so, therefore, I will not take off this cloak that Allah made me wear at any cost.
(b) All the other allegations were addressed and I reinstated governors of Egypt and Iraq with immediate effect.
(c) As for the allegations of embezzlement, bring sufficient evidence, I will present myself for justice.
(d) As for allegations against my governors, By Allah, I established the Limits of Allah over my nearest kinsmen and even over my own nephew who was unrightfully accused of drinking wine and throwing up whereas he was eating grapes and even they brought false testimonies but still I established Had with my own hands.
(e) As for changing the ways of Prophet, By Allah, I did Ijtihad over the amount of Rakah during Journey and I own a house in Mecca and have family so I feel that I should pray full Salah.
(f) As for commuting the Sermon of Eid before Salah, that day, I was ill so I was late and Muslims were waiting and it was getting hot so I gave sermon before Salah and recited small Surahs so that people don’t get sick.
Still I ask forgiveness from Allah.
Answers were communicated to the Rebels and their ringleaders who were delivering fiery speeches by occupying the Pulpit of Prophet in the mosque of Prophet. When the answers reached rebels, they announced to lay siege to Prophet’s Mosque and House of Usman that was adjacent to the Mosque. Marchers sieged the Usman’s house and Abdullah bin Huzaifa and Muhammad Malik Al-Ashtar delivered fiery speeches and incited people.
Usman’s house was surrounded and Prayer Services were halted in Mosque of Prophet:
Rebels surrounded Caliph’s official residence and some companions such as Ali bin Abi Talib, Hassan bin Ali and Hussain bin Ali along with Talha bin Ubaid Ullah and Zubair started to guard the house of Usman. Rebels’ strength increased, they openly abused Usman and incited people. They also incited people by throwing stones over them. Companions of Prophet and their families were mistreated and most of the companions were confined to their homes. Stones were pelted on the people who tried to speak good about Usman and companions who didn’t see Usman as principally guilty were abused. Rebels seized the Mosque of Prophet and ceased prayer services in the mosque of Prophet. Usman when heard of it became very sad and summoned Talha and asked, “O my cousin Talha, why the prayers has been ceased? Why they want to kill me and drag me on streets whereas they don’t hold any evidence against me except what their tongues lashed” Talha answered, “O Amir ul Momineen, the strength of the Muslims of old has gone. Companions are confined to their homes. Those who say a word in your favor are abused and are pelted with stones.” Talha left and heard that rebels are planning to surround the room where Usman is residing in his house unless he resigns. Talha told this to Zubair and asked the guards not to let in or out anyone after that moment lest rebels take advantage and kill Amir ul Momineen.
Rebels broke down the walls of the house of Usman and entered forcefully and killed the guards. Ali and his two sons who were previously guarding the house retreated and Ali shut himself in his house as rumors were that all is being done to facilitate Ali to become Caliph.
During this course of time, Usman beseeched companions of Prophet and reminded them of his merits and they all agreed to it and accepted that Usman is not wrong and agitation is baseless and has no basis except personal jealousy that has no evidence or merit. They also tried to mediate but Rebels couldn’t accept anyone as Judge and showed distrust against everyone
Murder of Usman:
Exterior walls of Usman’s house were broken down and miscreants entered the house and started to shout slogans against Usman and calling his rule as illegal, usurper and tyrant. Their leaders, Abdullah bin Huzaifa and Muhammad Malik Al-Ashtar, went into the chambers of Usman. Abdullah bin Huzaifa kicked Usman who was reading Quran and Usman said, “O my nephew, your father couldn’t have done that.” He said, “O old fool! You usurper of the Caliphate and promoter of the nepotism. You plundered public money and now the nation has arisen and we will snatch with is ours from you and give this (caliphate) to whom it belongs.” Usman said, “O my son, respect me. I am companion of Prophet and I have not stolen anything from anyone.” Ashtar replied to that and said, “Then resign as Caliph until these allegations are proved false.” And slapped Usman and grabbed his neck. Usman replied, “My Son, leave me. I will not take off this cloak that Allah made me wear.” Then Abdullah took his sword and prepared himself to murder Usman. Usman’s wife Nyla Farazia was watching this she became agitated and tried to stop Muhammad and reminded him that how Usman raised him as his own son and gave him everything. She stopped the sword on her hands and her fingers were chopped down.
Abdullah became reluctant to murder Usman but Muhammad incited him and called him coward and vowed to tell the people outside that Usman also bought him. Abdullah then killed Usman and fled the house and was given thumping welcome by the rebels. In some accounts the name of Killer is Muhammad bin Abu Bakar who also hoarded hatred for Usman as former was prosecuted by Usman over loan that he failed to pay and was threatening the creditor. However, majority of historians agree that Muhammad had a role but the murderer of Usman was Abdullah bin Huzaifa.
Usman’s corpse was mutilated:
Rebels took control of Medina and Usman’s corpse and mutilated it but people disagreed and they left it as it was. Rebels also started their search for Ali to give their misdeed legal cover and found him hiding in his house.
Ayesha’s Role in Agitation against Usman:
Ayesha was not in favor of some of the practices of Usman pertaining to religion. She called him “Old Fool” once but that name spread into rebels like Fire in the forest. Ayesha also wrote letters to rebels but rebels couldn’t produce any letter when it was demanded by Usman.
Usman was denied Burial in Al-Baqi:
Usman’s funeral was led secretly during the night to Baqi but rebels couldn’t let him buried into Baqi and accused him of being expelled from the ranks of Islam after committing blasphemy by not resigning from the office of Caliph. Usman was buried in Baqi Al-Gharqad that was a Jewish graveyard adjacent to the Muslim cemetery. Later Muslims from Medina tore down the wall and started to bury their dead around Usman and the graveyard was annexed into Baqi.
Companions of Prophet vowed to avenge Usman’s Blood:
Rebels found Ali and asked him to become Caliph but Ali refused. However, Talha bin Ubaid Ullah was the first one who held the hand of Ali and pledged his allegiance to him and then later other people pledged.
The first task for Ali was to avenge Usman’s blood but Ali was reluctant. Ayesha, Zubair and Talha started a campaign to avenge Usman’s blood whose two principle accused were biggest supporters of Ali and Muhammad Malik Al-Ashtar was even made Commander of Armed Forces.
Islam divided:
Islamic Empire divided and Muawiya I refused to accept Ali as Caliph before the investigation and putting the justice the killers of Usman. A revolt was started in Hejaz, led by companions of Prophet, Basra, Syria and Africa. Egypt was attacked by Muawiya and Muhammad bin Abu Bakar was killed as he was one of the suspects of the Usman’s murder. Muslims fought two battles of Al-Jamal and Al-Saffin and were permanently divided into two groups called Shian al Ali and Shian al Usman. These political differences took religious shape and now today Shia and Sunnis are sworn enemies of each other.
Lessons to be learnt in Present Situation from the episode of Usman:
(1) Allegations against Nawaz Sharif are unfounded and lack evidence and are not proved in any court of Law. Imran and Qadri are playing roles of Abdullah and Ashtar.
(2) Imran and Qadri are asking Nawaz Sharif to resign from office until allegations are proved to be a lie just like the case of Usman.
(3) Nawaz Sharif is accused by Imran and Qadri of nepotism just like Usman and they present no evidence of any misdeeds just like the case of Usman.
(4) Imran and Qadri want people of their choices on key posts just like the case of Usman.
(5) Imran and Qadri have surrounded Prime Minister’s House just like Rebels surrounded the house of Usman.
(6) Imran and Qadri are breaking down the walls of PM House just like what happened with Usman.
It is likely that these Inqilaab and Aazadi marchers may Murder Nawaz Sharif but Nawaz Sharif will become Usman of 21st Century and what will happen next? Just look how divided we stand after the murder of Usman due to some allegations that had no concrete evidence. It is time to wake up and call spade a spade otherwise, you will be divided into two sects of Shian e Imran and Nawaz.

Annihilating Cosmos


Pious Sluts

My Love you are center of my annihilating cosmos
You left, I’m standing baffled on cross-roads

My love for you can never be grunt
I hate my life, your words were blunt

The vow you took has devastated my life
It extinguished every candle of hope to survive

Your life is precious, my love, my craze
I pray to die, you culled my grace

I call your name before I sleep
Damn my love is true and deep

I ail for falling in love with you
You deserve no love is crux and truth

~U

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Congratulations SAMMA TV! You did it!


 

 

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Dear Samma TV,

 

Thank you so much! I am so indebted by your sheer and genuine concern for morality in Pakistan. Thank you so much for bringing up the real issue into public eyes that is gays! Of course, these gay men are responsible for all evils prevailing in society such as beheadings, blasts, robberies, extortion, electricity and gas theft and load-shedding. So it was very necessary that you should bring this evil into limelight so that people see the real cause of our all evil are these gay men who live in oblivion.

Well, should I remind you of your myopic approach towards Homosexuality where you made an inhuman serial killer a religious hero who went a bit out of way to cleanse this society from the garbage that is unable to control the desires associated with flesh! Wow! I want to salute you! Have you ever wondered that the guy who killed three other guys is a monster? What’s worst that you made a patient of necrophilia a hero! Wow! I must laud your efforts for actually shifting the blame onto victims. Isn’t it what this society told you? Like we have our national leaders and Islamist barons demanding that if a raped woman cannot bring 4 male eye-witnesses she must keep her silence or die!

So should we die too? No we won’t! Even the genocide and extermination attempts from last 2000 years didn’t wipe us out from the face of earth so who is this Serial Killer? Well, obviously it was not a shock for you to discover a clandestine gay world thriving just under your nose. Everyone is aware of the presence of gay Pakistanis but no one knew how to reach them or to connect with them. So by flashing the images of Manjam on screens for whole 45 minutes you have made a new history where the characters of the screenplay were not paid actors, they were real life people! Worst, they were killed by a man whom you glorified!

I want to ask you that in this country where you cannot even openly profess your religious beliefs and where you can be killed for even mourning Prophet’s grandson, where hyenas are sniffing the smell of blood of Ahmadis and where you are not even safe in Schools, Hospitals and maximum security military bases then what should happen to these gay men? Do you understand what you have done? This wasn’t media’s first assault over gay Pakistanis. Several news channels have been tracking down gays and even televised fake raids over gay dens in Karachi. But you have topped in homophobia by bringing the real stuff.

I want to ask you, if you are straight, did your mother tell you to get attracted to women or you felt that way during your puberty? Have you ever thought that these gay men are professionals and highly qualified and are doing work for the betterment of this country. So who will be responsible if someone actually takes up arms for gay holocaust in this country? Oh yeah! You will be extremely happy, I am sure. You might be flashing breaking news tickers claiming that it was Samma TV that first told everyone how to reach gays in Pakistan.

So you even surpassed Maya Khan! The witch of Moral Policing Land! What should I say to you? So do you think that glorification of a serial killer and transforming him into a religious hero is right? Maybe someone would get up from Red Mosque in Islamabad and name some mosque after Ejaz like a mosque has been named as Mumtaz Qadri Mosque in this city. Maybe we get a new terror outfit named after Ejaz such as Ejaz Brigade or Jaish e Ejaz. Well, what do you care? You didn’t even care that victims of this homicide were someone’s sons not some demonic entities. You didn’t even care that the families that were already grieving for the loss of their precious sons would be devastated after knowing that they were gays. You don’t expect that they were out to their families. Oh what a shame! What a tragedy! Woe to those who don’t care about hearts of others. So the religion that you were mentioning again and again in program didn’t teach you that breaking one’s heart is even worst that tearing down Holy Kabba? So you didn’t know even Allah’s name is Sattar that is Keeper of Secrets or purdaposh and you went blasting someone’s personal life on satellite television to whole world.

What it had to do with you where they stuck their penises? It wasn’t your business. If you have to decide everything then where does God go? It is useless to talk about it but let me tell you that you are successful. Yes, people are hiding now! They don’t know how to escape the clutches. Clutches of whom? Do you know? Not that of Serial Killer but of media and new barrage of a brigades that might be ready to find a Launchpad for their attacks. More killings, more blood, more pain, more agony but more ratings and a Hell loads of breaking news! After all it was all business and nothing personal!

But let me tell you that even if you look into your own employees and those cute male faces that you flash on your screens (obviously for ratings), many are one of us! You should have been really genuine if you had started it from  the Army Major who was Ejaz’s first victim. Well, but Army is Almighty and Powerful like a god so you didn’t mention lest ISPR condemn you too for giving Army a bad name and you too become a Pariah like Geo TV! So let me tell you this straight on your face that being gay was not a choice, it is nature! Let me tell you that pedophilia and that Ejaz was sexually manipulated during his childhood has nothing to do with gays. Let me tell you straight that HIV and diseases HAVE NOT been started or are only transmitted by gays!

However, none of your business! You needed ratings and that people flip back to you for more sensitizing and incredible stories! May God judge you! We are not almighty like Army and connected like Geo and there is no one standing behind us! We have decided to speak out over this injustice and criminal glorification. Yes, you were wrong! Yes, you compromised life of all of us! We don’t know now who to trust. Not for just sex but also for emotional support! We will fear, at least for some time, that there is a serial killer or an undercover cop watching us! We will fear that now some corrupt Policeman will threat us and demand monetary or sexual favors from us in return of our security but you don’t care. After all it was only matter of business and gays are not humans! Well, in this country there are no human beings so that’s why they are killed every now and then like mosquitoes. So what? More killings, more sensitizing stories and more ratings!

May God be judge between us! My heartily condolences to the victim’s families!

Shisha Ban in Pakistan is AGAINST Tobacco Control Laws


Pious Sluts

 

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From past many months, it has been regular practice of Police and Assistant Commissioner of Islamabad to raid the Shisha Cafes operating in the city. Several Shisha Cafes were raided. Smokers were apprehended and the Smoking Apparatus was confiscated along with Tobacco. Indeed, smoking is injurious to health and there is no doubt about it. The matter of concern for me and many like me is that why Shisha is considered as taboo and adult smokers are molested by the Police?

 

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Section 5 of the Smoking Ordinance 2002 (LXXIV of 2002) states, “No person shall smoke or use tobacco in any other form in any place of public work and use. The Federal Government may, however, issue guidelines for permitting designated smoking areas in premises or places where adequate arrangements are made to protect the health of non-smokers.”

 

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Similarly a notification (S.R.O. 653 (I)/2003) was…

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Some thoughts on the Valentine’s Day


source: http://pakteahouse.net/2014/02/14/some-thoughts-on-the-valentines-day/

February 14th, 2014 | 2 Comments

by Umair Tariq

Association of Valentine’s Day with amorous love is a very recent phenomenon. For me this day is commemoration of my resolve to standup to the draconian laws, obscurity and forceful imposition of one’s ideas over others.

It was 3rd Century CE and almost 300 years after a great man rose in the Roman Provinces of Judea and Samaria and changed the destiny of the suppressed local population. His teachings were based upon the Love that Creator has for everyone regardless of their kith and kin. He promised due rewards for suppressed populace and gave them hope of a better Kingdom where Love will reign. He was persecuted and mocked. His friends were arrested and he was implicated in false charges but he continued his struggle until his and everyone’s Creator took him unto Himself.

After his departure from the moral world, his followers were forced to be converted back to their ancestral religions. His followers were persecuted. He was the one who respected the women who were being forced into prostitution by the cruel hunger. He stood up for them, he accepted their luncheon invitations, ate with them and accepted gifts from them in broad daylight. When rebuked for his leniency for the ‘harlots’, he famously said, “Let the one who has never committed a sin take lead and throw the first stone”.

After him the life was very hard. Soldiers and spies everywhere were reporting all activities of the friends of that man. His friends were arrested by the city guards, punished brutally on false grounds and then thrown to hungry lions. Some were being crucified at Public Squares and their corpses thrown in the city to be only eaten by stray dogs. The practice of horrendous crimes against the followers and friends of this man continued for centuries. Do we know who this man was? This man was Jesus of Nazareth!

It was the time of Claudius II, who established himself as Regent of Rome. It was a crucial time. The movement of Jesus was gaining momentum. Those peasants who were oppressed by Roman senate and elites were rising. What was making their spirits so high that they were rising up to an imperial power and rather to chant “Hail the King!”, they are shouting, “Down with Romans! Down with the killers!”. In every city there was chaos. In every city revolution was echoing. Yes, Roman Empire was getting weaker day by day! The revolt that was somewhat spiritual in nature and taught the poor and oppressed about the love of Divine that loves His every creation like a father! The problem was that when poor and oppressed realized that there is a King of kings who loves them like a father, they stood up to the mortal regents and started seeing them as mortal beings like one of them!

If it was only in Judea or Samara, then it could have been curtailed by a large scale massacre and that’s what predecessors of Claudius II did before him but the problem was that in Roman Empire, poverty was everywhere and Taxes were high so every peasant, man of burden and poor beggar was being attracted to this movement. The moment of Love was seeping into Roman Empire and was threatening the very fabric of the society. But Claudius was cunning. He thought that rather to kill the rebels in cold blood, it is better to attack them ideologically too.

To implement his nefarious designs, he decreed that anyone who will support or help friends and followers of Jesus will be considered as one of them and will be killed. He forced the women who followed Jesus into prostitution and also protected their rapists. He encouraged the prostitution and protected the handlers of prostitutes.

This was not enough, to challenge the moral values envisaged by Jesus, Claudius conceived a cunning plan along with his cronies and encouraged deviated moral behaviors amongst the followers of Jesus. He passed a decree that anyone who would preside over the marriages of the Followers of Jesus will be burnt alive at public square.

There was a certain man in Rome who was pious and preached his kith and kin life of piousness. When the persecution of this minority community reached its height and Claudius II issued a decree to all provinces under his reign and where he claimed suzerainty that no one can officially wed those who call themselves Christians. Without official marriage, that required 2 male witnesses and a Minister presiding over the ceremony, the couple was seen as adulterer by the Roman Empire and society generally. This man whose name was Valentine stood up and started marrying the couples secretly. He would also arrange for witnesses and will sign the Marriage Contract as it was the custom.

This practice enabled the suppressed people to at least cling to the moral values envisaged by Jesus. This practice, however, didn’t remain secret for long. Valentine was identified by Roman Vigilis that was defacto Police & local intelligence agency of the Roman Empire. He was imprisoned immediately but not killed as there was a huge public support behind him. He was produced in the court of a Roman Judge. Judge asked him to reconvert to Roman Paganism and bow down to the idol of Jupiter that was favored by Judge and was his patron god. Valentine whose name in Latin is Valentinus presb. M Romae refused. He was then given to Vigilis and was beaten with bows and clubs and against produced in front of Judge who asked him to convert and denounce the faith that Valentinus called truth. He refused again. This time judge became furious and announced his verdict to behead Valentinus at Falaminian Gate that was most busy part of the city at that time.

It was year 494 AD. Valentinus was killed but he didn’t renounce his faith and his act of marrying the couples with grace. It is not known if the date was 14th of February or not. His patronage by the Roman Catholic Church and other Dominions of Christendom is as late as 1493 where he appeared as Christian Saint. However, he was pretty secular in nature before that. There are some legends associated with the story of Valentine too. For example one legend says that the judge asked him to heal his blind daughter who was born blind and Valentine did that and the girl immediately accepted Valentine’s faith. Other legends assert that before dying Valentine wrote a letter to this girl and signed it with “Your Valentine” and thus the day became associated with love.

Association of Valentine’s Day with amorous love is a very recent phenomenon. For me this day is commemoration of my resolve to standup to the draconian laws, obscurity and forceful imposition of one’s ideas over others. It might not have any amorous significance for me but it really has a stronger revolutionary impact on me. Well, here I am seeing thousands of posts on Facebook calling upon Muslims not to celebrate Valentine’s Day and Fatwas of illiterate and obscurantist Mullahs promising Hell for the people who celebrate Valentine’s Day. For them I have just one answer that Quran also celebrates Christian martyrs. For example Quran famously mentioned the story of the martyrdom of St. Stephen who is widely celebrated as First Christian martyr, in Surah Yasin that is also called Heart of Quran. The story of martyrdom of St. Stephen is also mentioned in Acts of Apostles in Bible. However, it is useless to argue over it as for me is my faith and for you is yours!

Pothohar: A Land of Forgotten History — (Published Under Our World Project)


Source: http://pakteahouse.net/2014/02/10/pothowar-a-land-of-forgotten-history

February 10th, 2014 | 4 Comments

By Umair Tariq

IMG_20140126_215017Punjab as we already know is comprised of Eastern Foothills of Himalayas, Pothohar Plateau and Upper Indus Valley. Whereas, most of our history has been brushed into the carpet by dictator Zia’s regime, most misunderstood region of Punjab remains Pothohar Plateau. Usually the history of Pothohar Plateau is started from Mahmud of Ghazni who traversedPothohar to invade Eastern Hindustan and from Sher Shah Suri who was also an invader from Northwest but later mingled and settled with locals. History of Pothohar Plateau is not limited to Ghakhar fortress of Rohtas and old GT Road that is attributed to Sher Shah Suri.

Pothohar Plateau is rich in culture and history and history dates back to early 3000 BC to Soan Valley Civilization that is thought to be, probably, contemporary to Indus Valley Civilization. Pothohar that is actually pathwaar in local Pothohari language and is derived from two Sanskrit words: path and VarPaTHa with hard Th means Lesson in Sanskrit and Var means Defender. So PathVar, when joined together, means Defender of the Lesson. Sanskrit verb Vara also became Varuna that is a noun and is a Vedic god that is believed to have existed before the advent of Vedic times. So if we relate the name of Pothohar to Pre-Vedic Varuna, it becomes evident that the name of Plateau is actually name of this god.

All that is visible is "Hisbaan"

One of the aspects of Varuna is that he is defender of the lesson of chastity given to mankind and watches over them through thousands of stars in the night sky. He also punishes those who don’t keep their vows and deceive people or speak lies. I strongly believe that Varuna was actually worshiped by people of Soan Valley Civilization and was not actually brought to Sub-Continent by Aryans from North West. In Rig Veda, both Varuna and Mithra are classified as demonic that, actually, reflects the ancient mentality regarding the foreign or alien deities. Also Varuna, in Post-Vedic inscriptions discovered across Northern India, was god of underworld and protector of the souls of those who drowned in waters and died. Var also means water, a pond or associated with water. In later Hinduism we see the elevation of Varuna to a Deva from Asvara suggesting possible assimilation of the original inhabitants of Pothohar into the Aryan folds of society.

Another verse from Gurugaranth Sahab. This is basically poetry of Baba Fareed. Locals call this place Baradari but it has only 4 arches whereas Baradari has 12. Looks like this particular building was constructed to revere Gurugaranth.

We also come to know that Varuna once stole all the Cosmic Waters and was persuaded by Indra and defeated. This can be related to a historical war between native tribes of Pothohar and invading Aryans. It was a common practice to call the gods of losing community as defeated during ancient times. Names of many cities that stand prominent in Pothohar Plateau have beautiful and charming riddles hidden in their names. Let’s take example of Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi is a derivative of Sanskrit Raval that is derivative of Ravi meaning Sun and Pindi means to be joined or a township. Rawat is a small town located south of Islamabad. The name is derived from Sanskrit Revet meaning Rich or Wealthy.

The focal point of Civilization was Soan River. Soan is also called Sawaan and the name is also derivative of Sanskrit SuVan that is very close to local name SuvaN with nasal N meaning producing abundantly. Margalla Hills mark the Northwestern boundary of Pothohar Plateau. Word Margalla has been misinterpreted intentionally to associate the name with Persian or with invaders from North West. Margalla is actually from Sanskrit Margli meaning a pass or a long line of different color or attributes than its surroundings. That strongly reflects the Margalla Hills. Unlike Pothohar, flora and fauna of Margalla Hills is different. Unlike Pothohar where trees are not tall and is dominated by shrubs, they have tall Deodar and pine trees thus rightly named as Margalla. Famous Margalla Pass where Brigadier General Nicholson built his monument is still the busiest pass where heavy traffic ply towards North for China and Afghanistan.

The building was decorated with beautiful geometric and floral patterns. Only few of them remaining.

Pothohar Plateau played an important role in the development of Post-Vedic Hindu Religion. The important role can be well understood by the fact that many scholars believe that Hindu texts of Mahabharata were originally composed in this part of the Sub-continent and archaeologists strongly believe that ancient Mahabharata war was fought near the present day Kattas Raj on the southern vertex of Pothohar Plateau.

Several ruins of lost Hindu Shahi cities dot Pothohar. Several old forts such as one located off Lehtrar Road, near Islamabad, speaks volumes about the rich history and tradition that Pothohar has to offer. Paharwala Fort was rebuilt by a Ghakhar Chief Sultan Kai Gohar on the ruins of a 10th Century Hindu Shahi fort. Many suggest that the Hindu Shahi Fort was built on the ruins of a much older fortification and the ruins of the temple found inside are actually much older than the fort itself. Pothohari Language is also in much pure form than Punjabi, bearing more resemblance to its ancestor Parakarat.

Beautiful Guruduwara of Kurri Shehar, Islamabad demands attention from citizens of Islamabad.

Kuri lies 18 KM South East of Zero Point, Islamabad. Local inhabitants of Kuri have often claimed that the town has very rich history. There can be two etymological possibilities of the name Kuri. First Kuri is the name of goose grass (Eleusine indica) in Sanskrit. Also Kuri can be related to Kuru that was the name of a heroic race, descendants of Kuru Brothers who fought with Pandovas brothers, in legendary battle of Mahabharata, happened near present-day site of Kattas Raj, located on the Southern vertex of Pothohar Plateau. Present day Kuri village is located near Rawal Dam built over Korang River. Name of Korang River is also a derivative of Sanskrit name Kurang meaning Antelope or deer referring to small barking deer now only found in Margallas but was used to roam freely in grasslands around Korang River in ancient times.

Beautiful building is in dire need of conservation.

By looking at Ecology of Kuri, we see that Eleusine Indica is a very common species of grass found nearly everywhere in huge quantities. The name of Kuri village is actually Kuri Shehar signifying an important historical probability of presence of a Kuru inhibited village on the outskirts of Rawalpindi that is historically believed to be traditional home of Pandavas race and their descendants; though Shehar is a Persian word meaning Urban Area or Town. However, today what remains in this town are remains of an old Sikh Guruduwara in much depleted State. Locals tell that Kuri is even older than Rawalpindi itself. The claim is open to historical anomalies.

Guruduwara of Kuri Shehar is a building of Late Sikh Period and was obviously built by some devotee to honor Guru Garanth as last living Guru of Sikhism at much later stage after the compilation of Guru Garanth Sahab, the sacred canon of Sikhism. The building of Guruduwara is built on a foundation and the focal point is the main room that housed the canon of Guru Garanth. The inner room was decorated with geometric and floral patterns of which very little is remaining. Outer part of the sacred room was decorated with verses of Guru Garanth written in Gurumukhi script of Punjabi.

This is a verse from Gurugaranth Sahab! It is written in Gurumukhi script. However in pretty depleted state. We need to preserve this history.

Today much of it has been lost. Guruduwara is claimed as personal property by a local man who told that a certain teacher of local Government School was used to bring his pupils to this Guruduwara to tear down its walls. However, the story is open for historical verification. Only two couplets of Bhagat Ravidas and Baba Shiekh Farid Ganjshakar Farooqi can be deciphered. They are given below:

[Ang 1106, 47252, RaagMaaroo, BhagatRavidas]

Naama Dhaev KabeerThilochan Sadhanna Sain Tharai

Naam Dayv, Kabeer, Trilochan, Sadhana and Sain crossed over

[Ang 1106,47256, RaagMaaro, BhagatRavidas]

Kehi Ravidas Sunhu Re Santhahu Har JeeoThae Sabhai Sarai

Says Ravidas, listen, O Saints, through Dear Lord, all is accomplished

[Ang 1384, 59037, Shalok Baba Farid]

Ho Dtoodtaedhee Sajanna Sajan Maiddae Naal

I search for my friend but my friend is already with me

[Ang 1384, 59038, Shalok Baba Farid]

Naanak Alakh Na Lakheeai Guramukh Dhaee Dhikhaal

O Nanak, the Unseen Lord cannot be seen; He is revealed only to Gurumukh

The site along with many others in Pothohar is in dire need of conservation and requires urgent and immediate attention from the citizens of Islamabad and Rawalpindi.